Divers - 10 février 2019

fr - Indian tradition

India is characterized by more ethnic and religious groups those most other countries of the world. Three ethnic or religious conflicts have stood out of date- two occurred in the states of “Assam and Punjab” another Hindu Muslim conflict continues to persist. The Assam problem is primarily ethnic ; the Punjab problem is based on both religious and regional conflicts, while the Hindu-Muslim problems are predominantly religious.
It cannot be denied that the instance of increased migration of laborers either from Bihar or any state is a negative point as this could well be described as distress migration. Most of the laborers migrated out of Bihar due to threat to their lives and aggravating agrarian crisis. Agricultural laborers who are primarily from Scheduled castes and Dalits have taken to substantive migration. The migrants could more appropriately be called as distressed migrants. They migrate because in their own village there is no employment at all, at whatever rate.
Two broad types of Internal Migration- long term and seasonal migration. Most short – term migrants belong to socio- economically deprived groups such as scheduled castes and Seasonal migrants dominate the low paying, informal market jobs such as construction, hotel, textile, manufacturing, transportation, domestic work etc. They have poor access to health services, since they cannot afford private hospitals, they often go back to their villages. Migrant workers face conflicts and disputes at worksites. The common issues they face are non-payment of wages, physical abuse, accidents and even death.
Gandhi’s teachings are still to become part and parcel of India’s way of thinking and solving the problems of communalism, poverty and unemployment. The downtrodden are still to get justice ; peace and prosperity have yet to reach all. We can say that Gandhian theory is a relevant blueprint for the healthy development of human society based on ethical values.
Gandhian theory provides new vision and space for the people to live sustainably, to live without violence, fear, oppression or alienation, in spiritual harmony and peace. The transformation is possible only through practicing truth and non-violence in all aspects of life. Gandhi was of the opinion that a moral man and an immoral society cannot co-exist in harmony. Man is not man without society. Moral resistance through non-violence must be the guiding principle to regulate the relationship between individual and society.
In order to reconstruct the present society into a harmonious and healthy one, Gandhi had instructed on the practice of certain values like non-violence, truth, simplicity, compassion which are all rooted in Indian tradition.

Sr. Vimla Moonnanappallil RA