Divers - 10 juin 2018

fr - India - Pakistan

India is sharing its boundaries with China, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan after the partition of India in 1947 and Bangladesh after its independence from Pakistan. After the partition of India Pakistan that is predominantly Muslims remained a Muslim country. The Hindus from Pakistan and Muslims from India were given the choice to adopt their religious majority country as their own. As a result there was major voluntary migration as well as forced migration from Pakistan to India and vice versa. Most of the Hindu Pundits of Pakistan had to leave behind all their wealth and belongings and come away to India. Those remained suffered persecution in the hands of the new Muslim rulers and there were bloodshed for the sake of religious believes. A reality that still exists. The Muslim community that chose to remain in India received a better treatment in the hand of the newly formed government. India remained mostly secular and gave protection and freedom to practice their religion in India. The principles of pluralism and secularism is being questioned and reversed now with the fundamental Hindus controlled political party in power in India today. They want India to be Hindu nation. This is a big threat to the social fabrics and people and the nation as a whole. This will in the long run affect the existence of all non- Hindu minority religious groups living in India.

Since the partition Kashmir is the main point of contention between India and Pakistan. Both sides claim Kashmir as their territory. The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War of 1999. Ever since the partition Indo- Pak boarder remains a very sensitive issue for both the countries. Though bilateral talk is going on for ceasefire and peace, the infiltration of Pak militants trained and protected by their military is still going on and the state of Jammu and Kashmir remains a permanent battle field affecting the normal life of the citizens. Many innocent civilians and military personals are sacrificing their life at the border.

Line of control is the boundary between the Pakistani Azad Kashmir and Indian Jammu and Kashmir. It was demarcated after the Simla pact in 1972. The demarcated line between the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is recognised internationally. The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir.

When we talk about the wall between India and Pakistan, it is more of a political wall of separation. There are people living in each country who have their relatives in India or Pakistan but unable to meet together. Recently there was a case of a Pakistani Muslim who lived in India even before 1947 could make a visit to his relatives in Pakistan. People of both countries want to live in peace with one another but political and military forces do not allow a peaceful co-existence. Innocent people living on the border areas are often met with hostilities and even death. The bilateral peace talks are often violated by violence at the border. The solution to this border conflict is not in building walls because both the countries are nuclear armed countries and can wipe out each other in no time. Though Pakistan can’t be equated with India in everyway. India is often resilient with Pakistan military controlled fundamentalist militants who are instrumental in all the terrorist attack in India. Both the countries has to build up political and military will power to sustain peace and harmony at the border. The fundamentalist Islamic terrorist activities need to be stopped once and for all. Pakistan has to make the decision to banish all the terrorist training bases for national and international peaceful co-existance.

Sister Philomina Thomas r.a.