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fr - USA, Borderlands reflection : Liberty ... for whom ?

Themes - 27 septembre 2010

"Y cuando digo : ¡libertad ! me dicen : ¡muere !" ("And when I say liberty, they say to me, death.")—Otto Rene Castillo The border city of El Paso , Texas/Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua awoke on U.S.Independence Day to headlines in the newspapers announcing the shooting of a migrant by a Border Patrol agent. This incident was the second Border Patrol shooting of an undocumented person in as many weeks, and the fourth this year in El Paso . The shooting has increased fear and (...)

fr - US Catholic Bishops on Immigration

Themes - 27 septembre 2010

Historical Grounding Since its founding, the United States has received immigrants from around the world who have found opportunity and safe haven in a new land. The labor, values, and beliefs of immigrants from throughout the world have transformed the United States from a loose group of colonies into one of the leading democracies in the world today. -U.S. Catholic Bishops, “Strangers No Longer : Together on the Journey of Hope,” 2003, #17 The Catholic Vision Catholic teaching has a (...)

fr - I. Introduction

Immigration Studies : Youth Adapts to Change - 27 septembre 2010

In the first decade of the new millennium a new cycle of public concern about the benefits and harms of immigration has erupted. In mid-2006, exactly twenty years after the last major U.S. immigration overhaul (the United States Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 #1), the quiescent public discourse regarding immigration began rumbling and eventually erupted into a full-throated national debate. Suddenly, immigration talk saturated the airwaves : popular television and radio (...)

fr - II. Critical Factors

Immigration Studies : Youth Adapts to Change - 27 septembre 2010

Based on existing social science research, the ten factors outlined below have the strongest implications for the trends in schooling performance and social adaptation of immigrant children identified in by LISA and other studies
1 Educational background
Immigrant youth arrive in American neighborhoods and schools with varied educational skills. On one end of the spectrum, we find youth from upper-status urban backgrounds. They are typically highly literate and have well developed study (...)

fr - III. Policy Implications

Immigration Studies : Youth Adapts to Change - 27 septembre 2010

The research on these ten factors most strongly affecting schooling performance and social adaptation of immigrant children has significant policy implications. Major reforms in the area of immigrant policy must address two critical areas : the status of undocumented immigrants, and the structure of our nation’s schools. Recent policy initiatives have proven ineffectual in the short term, and thus irrelevant to the modern realities of migration in the long term. The U.S. immigration bill, (...)

fr - IV. Conclusion

Immigration Studies : Youth Adapts to Change - 27 septembre 2010

Immigrants arrive sharing an optimism and hope in the future that must be cultivated and harnessed. Almost all recognize that schooling is the key to a better tomorrow. Unfortunately, over time many immigrant youth, especially those enrolling in highly impoverished and deeply segregated schools, face negative odds and uncertain prospects. Too many leave our schools without developing and mastering the kinds of higher order skills needed in today’s global economy and society. The future of (...)

fr - Notes

Immigration Studies : Youth Adapts to Change - 27 septembre 2010

1 Pub. L. No. 99-603, 100 Stat. 3359 (Nov. 6, 1986). 2 See Carola & Marcelo Suárez-Orozco, Education, in THE NEW AMERICANS : A GUIDE TO IMMIGRATION SINCE 1965, at 243-57 (Mary C. Waters et al. eds., 2007). 3 In this article we define immigrants as the foreign born population of the United States, now estimated at approximately 36 million people. If we add the generation born in the United States to immigrant parents, there are now over 55 million people in the United States who are (...)

fr - Looking at Root Causes : Why do Immigrants Come to the U.S.?

Themes - 27 septembre 2010

There are 60 countries in today’s world that are poorer than they were thirty years ago. A fifth of the world’s population (1.2 billion people) lives on less than $1 per day and almost half the world’s population, or 2.8 billion people, live on less than $2 a day. Every second, a child dies of malnutrition. Economic injustice still plagues most of the world, providing a strong impetus for immigration. Given this situation, any true “solution” to illegal immigration to the U.S. must take into (...)