Immigration Studies : Youth Adapts to Change - 27 septembre 2010

fr - Notes

1 Pub. L. No. 99-603, 100 Stat. 3359 (Nov. 6, 1986).
 
2 See Carola & Marcelo Suárez-Orozco, Education, in THE NEW AMERICANS : A GUIDE TO IMMIGRATION SINCE 1965, at 243-57 (Mary C. Waters et al. eds., 2007).
 
3 In this article we define immigrants as the foreign born population of the United States, now estimated at approximately 36 million people. If we add the generation born in the United States to immigrant parents, there are now over 55 million people in the United States who are either immigrants, usually termed the first generation, and the offspring of immigrants, usually termed the second generation.
 
4 The total unauthorized immigrant origin population of the United States is estimated to be between 11 and 12 million. See Frank Bean & B. Lindsay Lowell, Unauthorized Migration, in THE NEW AMERICANS : A GUIDE TO IMMIGRATION SINCE 1965, at 70-82 (Mary C. Waters et al. eds., 2007).
 
5 See ALEJANDRO PORTES & RUBÉN RUMBAUT, LEGACIES : THE STORY OF THE IMMIGRANT SECOND GENERATION (2001).
 
6 See U.S. Census Bureau, Census Bureau Data Underscore Value of College Degree (2006), available at http://www.census.gov/Press-elease/www/releases/archives/education/007660.html
 
7 See CAROLA SUÁREZ-OROZCO & MARCELO SUÁREZ-OROZCO, CHILDREN OF IMMIGRATION (2002).
See also PORTES & RUMBAUT, supra note 5.
 
8 The children participating in the LISA study were all immigrants, meaning that they were foreign born and had spend approximately two-thirds of their lives in the country of their birth before migrating to the United States.
 
9 See CAROLA SUÁREZ-OROZCO, MARCELO SUÁREZ-OROZCO, & IRINA TODOROVA, LEARNING IN A NEW LAND : IMMIGRANT STUDENTS IN AMERICAN SOCIETY (forthcoming Nov. 2007) (manuscript at Chapter 1, pp.5-8, on file with authors).
10 See id. (manuscript at Chapter 1, p.11, on file with authors).
 
11 See id. (manuscript at Chapter 3, p.3, on file with authors).
 
12 See id. (manuscript at Chapter 1, p.21, on file with authors).
 
13 See JEFFERY S. PASSELL, PEW HISPANIC CENTER, SIZE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE UNAUTHORIZED MIGRANT POPULATION IN THE U.S. (2006), available at http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=61.
 
14 See SUÁREZ-OROZCO ET AL., supra note 9 (manuscript at Introduction, p.5, on file with authors).
 
15 See CAROLA SUÁREZ-OROZCO & MARCELO SUÁREZ-OROZCO, CHILDREN OF IMMIGRATION (2002).
 
16 See SUÁREZ-OROZCO ET AL., supra note 9 (manuscript at Chapter 4, p.15, on file with authors).
 
17 See id. (manuscript at Chapter 2, p.31, on file with authors).
 
18 See id. (manuscript at Chapter 2, p.5, on file with authors).
 
19 The U.S. House of Representatives’ December 2005 immigration bill addressed the issue of undocumented immigrants by proposing to criminalize and deport millions of undocumented immigrants and harshly penalize anyone aiding them. The effects of this proposal – turning 11 to 12 million undocumented immigrants into felons overnight – would have been staggering. See H.R. 4437, 109th Cong. (2005).
 
20 See SUÁREZ-OROZCO ET AL., supra note 9 (manuscript at Chapter 1, p.3, on file with authors).